How Build Operate Transfer Model is Shifting IT Outsourcing

Technologies are evolving at a breathtaking pace and the number of businesses that want to adopt those technologies, get digitized, and thrive through modern progress is rising.

The same evolution goes for service delivery as well. Multinational organizations, enterprises, and medium to small companies all want to gain a competitive advantage in the market and turn to software development outsourcing to adopt innovative software and improve efficiency as well as boost revenue.


The Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) model is gaining popularity as a cost-effective and efficient outsourcing solution for businesses. In this model, a company engages a third-party to build, operate, and eventually transfer ownership of an IT system. This article explores the advantages and potential drawbacks of the BOT model for IT outsourcing, as well as the factors to consider when deciding whether to adopt it.

The BOT model offers several benefits to businesses. Firstly, it allows companies to save on upfront costs. By entrusting the third-party provider with the responsibility of building and operating the IT system, businesses can allocate their capital to other areas. Secondly, the BOT model enhances efficiency. The third-party company possesses the expertise and experience to design and implement a tailored IT system aligned with the specific needs of the business. Lastly, the BOT model mitigates risk by shifting the burden of day-to-day IT system operation to the third-party provider, ensuring protection against potential outages or security breaches.

However, there are potential drawbacks to consider when employing the BOT model. One challenge is finding a reputable third-party provider with the necessary expertise to develop and implement a system that meets the unique requirements of the business. Additionally, the BOT model can be costlier compared to traditional IT outsourcing models. Moreover, it can result in a loss of control over the IT system, as the third-party provider assumes operational control, potentially limiting the business's ability to make modifications or updates.

To determine whether the BOT model is suitable for IT outsourcing, several factors should be evaluated. Firstly, the size and complexity of the IT system play a crucial role. For large-scale and intricate systems, the BOT model can be more beneficial due to the expertise provided by the third-party provider. Secondly, the budget allocated for IT outsourcing needs to be considered, as the BOT model may require higher upfront costs. Finally, the level of control desired by the business over the IT system must be taken into account, as the BOT model involves ceding operational control to the third-party provider.

In conclusion, the BOT model offers advantages such as cost savings, improved efficiency, and reduced risk for businesses seeking IT outsourcing solutions. However, it is important to carefully weigh these benefits against the potential drawbacks, such as the difficulty in finding a suitable provider and the loss of control over the IT system. Businesses considering the BOT model should conduct thorough research to identify reputable third-party providers with expertise in designing and implementing IT systems tailored to their specific needs. By considering these factors, businesses can make an informed decision regarding the adoption of the BOT model for IT outsourcing.